Driven by hunger and insufficiency, an individual can go to any extent, even committing a crime. Unfortunately, India is said to have the largest number of underprivileged people as a single country.
What are the chief causes of poverty?
The principal causes for poverty in India are ascribed to the factors of exploitation under the British rule, massive population exploitation and hence population burden, uneven income distribution, racism, castes, and a stumpy literacy rate. The rural populace of our nation mainly suffers from malnourishment, low illiteracy, communal diseases and long-term health issues.
Enlisted is a check list of the factors that promotes poverty at macro scale:
Unemployment and poor quality of life: The ones who are unemployed are bound to lead a poor quality of life.
Illiteracy: Those who are uneducated cannot participate in diversified genres and thus, they cannot have access to decent job opportunities.
The size and type of family: Those who have big families tend to be at a greater risk of poverty because at the end of the day, if they are not educated they are the ones who suffer the most.
Gender inequality: Women are generally at a higher risk of poverty in comparison to their counterparts because they are paid less and are mostly encouraged to involve themselves in marginalized work.
Is government doing anything?
Though the Indian government has initiated several welfare programs to eradicate poverty in India, still there are countless people who are struggling with poverty and fail to make two ends meet. These measures include sponsoring the necessities of domestic life, escalated admittance to loans, improvement in agro-based techniques and price supports, promotion in educational facilities and family planning.
What are the things that can be done as a country?
All it needs is a multi-pronged strategy to address the ills of our nation.
1) The youth need to be targeted and encouraged for free primary education by the government. Once the younger generation will be educated, they will be able to contribute in escalating the GDP of the country.
2) The youth also need to be targeted for assured labor, assisted by skilled advisors.
3) Women must be made familiar about family planning and must be taught how to run a planned family.
4) The medical facilities must be enhanced.
5) There must be formulation of diversified avenues especially for women so that they can walk in parallelism with men.
Can anything be done at an individual level?
Yes, we can individually contribute our share in the progression of our nation.
1) Students can utilize each and every academic opportunity and highlight the true value of their potential and it will eventually be counted in the development of the nation.
2) As an adult, each and every one should work to escalate the overall GDP.
3) As Indian, one should abide by rules and regulations and religiously contribute a small portion of their earning to NGOs or any other welfare organization.
Conclusively, if each and every Indian determines to eradicate poverty from our nation and religiously follow the aforementioned pointers, we will succeed in abolishing poverty from our country.